Bucchiarone et al. (2019): The Gamification Design Framework (GDF)

Bucchiarone et al. (2019): The Gamification Design Framework (GDF)

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Description

This framework comprises five layers. Among them are three game modelling layers, namely: (1) the gamification model (GML) of game elements; (2) the game model (GaML) of game mechanics; and (3) the game instance (GiML) of game dynamics. There are also two game utility layers – the game simulation (GsML) and game adaptation (GadML) – which can be defined atop any of the game modelling layers.

Key source(s) for the framework